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Famous tourist Attractions in Haryana

  • Chandigarh India

    Chandigarh
    Chandigarh city came into existence in 1952 when its foundation stone was laid. Also known as “The City Beautiful”, Chandigarh is one of the modern cities of India designed by the French architect Le Carbusier. The city got its name from a temple “Chandi Mandir” located near the city. “Chandi” is the deity – the goddess of power; “garh” means dwelling place, which translates into “dwelling place of the goddessChandi.”

    In the ancient past, a wide lake existed where now Chandigarh is with its sloping plains. Eight thousand years ago, Harappan civilization developed in the area. Visit Chandigarh museum to discover more about the historic past of the city.
    While previously belonging to the state of Punjab before the city came into existence, the idea to develop a new city was conceived in 1948 by Government of Punjab, which was to become the capital of the state. In 1966, the city became the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana and was declared as a Union Territory.

    Chandigarh is home to thousands of migrants from Punjab and other states. Prestigious educational institutions attract students from all over the world who live and study in Chandigarh. The city has the highest per capita income in India, making it one of the most affluent cities. The real estate industry has been constantly booming since the year 2000 with property rates now more expensive than New York. The city restaurants are always filled with people, markets buzzing with consumers, pleasant weather for many months throughout the year, beautiful parks, well maintained roads and almost 24 power supply are some of the reasons why Chandigarh city is thronged by tourists from other parts of India and the rest of the world.

    Kurukshetra India Kurukshetra
    Kurukshetra is a place of historical and religious importance. Kurukshetra is in Haryana state of India , Every year lakhs of people come to take a holy bath at Brahma Sarovar Visting Palce is Brahma Sarovar ,Sannihit Sarovar ,Jyotisar. The Holy Peepal tree – witness to the Divine message of Sri Bhagavad Geeta by Lord Sri Krishna to Arjuna at this place during the Mahabharata war, SriKrishna Museum ,Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre.

    Panipat
    Panipat pronunciation is a historic as well as an ancient city in the Panipat District in Haryana state, India,. Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of Mahabharata; its historic name being Paneprastha. Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history. . The Panipat city was declared as a District on 1, Jan 1992.

    Panipat India Panipat is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna This district is bordered by Karnal , Sonipat , Jind and Kaithal and the state of Uttar Pradesh . It is just 90 kms from the national capital Delhi on National Highway- Today Panipat is an industrial town and is known for its handloom products. The district headquarter is situated in Panipat town. Other smaller towns are Samalkha, Israna and Naultha. The total area of Panipat district is 1,754 sq km and its population is 8,33,000 .

    Panipat is the city of textiles and carpets. It is also known for its world famous pickle ‘Pachranga International’. This city is also famous for its handloom industry. It is also home to many industries such as Indian Oil Co. Ltd. (IOCL) Refinery, NTPC Thermal Power Plant and National Fertilizers Limited. It is the biggest centre for cheap blankets and carpets in India. The main places of attraction are the Graves of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, and Tomb of Bu-Ali Shah Kalandar.

    The first battle of Panipat , fought in AD 1526 in which invader Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi , on April 26. In the second battle ofPanipat , on November 5, 1556, Akbar’s guardian Bairam Khan defeated the Hindu ruler Hemu. Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Afghan ruler defeated the Marathas in the third battle of Panipat that took place on 13 January, 1761.

    Ambala India Ambala
    The Ambala District has claims of being one of the Historical famous Districts of Haryana State . The District was explored during British period by A.C.Cunningham and C.Rodgers and later by B.B.Lal and many others. On the basis of various literary and archeological evidences it is possible to give an outline of culture and History of Ambala District.The earliest literacy reference to the region comprising the Ambala District in the Taittiriya Aranayaka which mentions Turghna as the bordering region towards the North of Kurukshetra. This locality identified with Shrughna Sugh also finds mention in Panini (Ancient Indian Literature). It is surmised that Ambala District to have been founded by Amba Rajput during the 14th century AD. Another version is that the name is a corruption of Amba Wala or the mango-village judging from mango groves that existed in its immediate neighborhood. Still another version is that the District has taken its name after goddess “Bhawani Amba” whose Temple still exists in Ambala city.

    The earliest inhabitants of district were a primitive people using stone tools of lower palacolithic Age. These tools were found at various sites in the district like Tarlokpur etc. Unfortunately this district has not yielded any pre Harappan or mature Harappan site. However there has been some satisfactory evidence in kins of late Harappan. The Various evidence specially that of painted Grey ware pottery support the fact that the Aryans also inhabited the region. The Ambala region was included in the Kingdom of Pandava and there successors.The Edicts of Ashoka Chiefly Topara edicts and stupas at Singh and Chaneti associate this district with Maurayan Empire which further add to the district with Mauryan Empire adding to the importance of place. The discovering of Sunga Terralottas suggests that they held this area. Several coins of menander have also been recovered from the area.

    The district has also yielded Coins of Indo Parthian Gondophernes and a coin of Mahakshtrapa Rajuvala (from Ambala and Nariangarh). At some places Kushan Bricks have also been found which justify the conclusion that this district was included in the Kushana empire. According to Dr.R.C. Majumdar the region between Lahore and Karnal formed a part of Samudra Gupta empire . This evidence is supported by Mehrauli Pillar Inscription and silver coins found at various places.The region formed an integral part of nearly all the premier ruling dynasties of India. In 7th Century it was a part of Sukantha Janpada of puspabhuti of Thanesar. Some foreign sources specially those of Chinese pilgrimage Hiven Tsang who visited during Harsha regime show that this District was also under some influence of Buddhism . The district further witnessed the Imperial ambition of Yaso Verman of Kanauj and laladitya. After the invasion of Mohammed Ghaznavi, Charuhaus brought it under their control. The Topara Pillar stands Testimony of this fact. Finally the Muslims under took the district after the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in the second Battle of Terrain 1192. Between 9th to12th century this district retained its importance as a centre of religious pilgrimage. The discovery of image of lords at several places suggests existence of beautiful temples which were probably destroyed during Muslim invasions.

    ooty India Hisar
    Also known as ‘The Steel City’ of India, Hisar is a part of the Indian state Haryana and falls under the National Capital Region. With an elaborated history that is associated to the city, Hisar also is an important part of modern India. Encompassing the remains and traces of Pre-Harappan Civilization and Harappan Civilizations, Hisar is India’s largest site showcasing the life of earliest settlements of the humans.

    Also it is the world’s second largest Harappan site after Mohenjodaro and is spread in an area of about 2180 hectares. The place derives its name from Firoz Shah Tughlaq during his rule and named the city as Hisar-e-Firoza in 1354 AD. Hisar has also been a part of the journey to independence and been a spectator during the British-raj. Hisar is a blend of the historic India with modern urban developing India.

    Faridabad India Faridabad
    Faridabad is a district as well as city in the south-east of Haryana state in northern India,It lies at 28º 25′ 16″ N Latitude and 77º 18′ 28″ E Longitude. The district shares its boundaries with the National Capital and Union Territory of Delhi to its north, Gurgaon district to the west and Uttar Pradesh to its east and south. Faridabad enjoys a prime location both geographically and politically. [1] The river Yamuna separates the District Boundary on eastern side with Uttar Pradesh. Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of OldFaridabad and New Industrial Township (NIT) are the major ones

    Faridabad is the largest city and one of the major industrial hubs of Haryana. It generates 60% of the revenue of the state. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for HeenaProduction from the agricultural sector while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are the famous industrial products of the city.
    For the ease of Civil Administration, Faridabad district is divided into two sub divisions viz. Faridabad and Ballabgarh each headed by a Sub Divisional Magistrate. The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) provides the urban civic amenities to the citizens of Faridabad City. Palwal, Hodal and Hathin Sub Divisions are now part of newly created Palwal District.

    Karnal India Karnal
    The city of Karnal is said to have been founded by Philanthropic Daanveer Raaja Karna, a Warrior in the Mahabharata war. It is said that he used to Donate & give away ( Sawaa Mann ) weight of Gold Everyday to needy . The original name of Karnal city is Karnalaya (home of Karna). This is the same Karna, who was the eldest son of Kunti & God Sun (therefore Surya Putra Karna) and thus Karnal is called the city of Daanvir Karna. The City of danveer karna is said to be blessed to be free from any damage from natural calamities like earthquakes and flood. It has been a walled town as far as its history can be traced & it was said that to have 10 gates some of them are still there namely Karn Gate, Kalandari Gate , Arjun Gate , Subhash Gate , Jaataan Gate , Jundla Gate , Baanson Gate , Dyalpura Gate to name a few , which were closed at sunset and it had a citadel at one time.

    Karnal sprang into prominence in 1739 when Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated and captured the Mughal ruler Muhammad Shah in the Battle of Karnal. Raja Gopal Singh of Jind seized Karnal in 1763, and the Marathas established themselves at Karnal in 1785. Skirmishes followed between the Marathas and the Sikhs and in 1795, the Marathas finally wrested the city from Raja Bhag Singh of Jind and made it over to the British-Irish military commander George Thomas, who took part in the fight. The British established acantonment in Karnal ( then also known as Kurnaul , Karnaul , Kurnaul etc in olden days .) called Karnal Cantonment in 1805 A.D. year but later abandoned it due to an outbreak of malaria & this very same Karnal Cantonment was shifted to Ambala and later it was known as Ambala Cantonment established in 1843 A.D. . The fort which had been built by Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, was taken over by the British and converted into a residence for Dost Mohammad Khan, Amir of Kabul. The fort was used as a jail, as quarters for native cavalry and as a poorhouse. In 1862, it was made over to the Education Department, when the district school was moved into it from the city. Karnal was the part of Ambala distt. of Punjab till Haryana was found in 1966.

    Pinjore India Pinjore
    Located in the valley overlooking the lower Shivalik regions, Pinjore is a part of the Panchkula district of Haryana. Shivalik marks the beginning of one of the most spectacular mountains that provide a haven for tourists and trekkers. This ancient, religious location deriving its name from Panchpura— the town of the Pandavas, is found close to Chandigarh, over 1,800 feet above sea level.

    Being rich in cultural heritage, Pinjore is best known for its Mughal and Pinjore Gardens. Major languages spoken are Hindi and Punjabi. Weather conditions are quite moderate, and the best time to visit is towards the end of monsoon when the town is surrounded by lush green trees and a cool atmosphere. Pinjore is a place to visit when one is looking for peace of mind, and to spend some quality time with family and friends.