Jodhpur history is famous for the Rathore Clan. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited for the creation of Jodhpur in India. Jodhpur was founded in 1459. The city’s name is derived from him. It was previously known as Marwar.
The Rathores were thrown out of their original motherland, Kaunaj, by Afghans. They fled to Pali, close to the present day Jodhpur. The marriage of Rathore Siahaji took place with the sister of a local prince. This paved the way for the Rathores to establish and enhance themselves in this region. In some time they drove the Pratiharas of Mandore, just 9 km of today's Jodhpur. Initially, Mandore was their capital, but, by 1459, Rathores made Jodhpur, the Sun City their capital.
Sightseeing Places in Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Mehrangarh Fort : It is one of the largest forts in India, confined within massive deep walls, situated at a lofty altitude of 400 feet atop the city. Mehrangarh gives touists a clear idea of why this fort has been considered as one of the most astonishing and impressive forts in India Sculptured panels and porches, elaborately adorned windows and decorative walls of Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Sheesh mahal, Sileh Khana, Phool Mahal and Daulat Khana, seem to make the medieval time come alive. A collection of palanquins, hawdas, folk music, instruments, costumes, furniture, royal cradles, miniature paintings of various schools,and an impressive armoury.
Umaid Bhawan Palace : It is situated at the top of a hill. Umaid Bhawan Palace is one of the important landmarks of Jodhpur. The beautiful Umaid Bhawan Palace was actually created with the purpose of providing employment to the people of Jodhpur during a long drawn famine. In a part of the palace, the royal family of Jodhpur still lives. Another part of the palace consist of a well-maintained museum, displaying an amazing collection of items belonging to the Maharaja and the royal family - weapons, antiques & fascinating and clocks, crockery and trophies.
Jaswant Thada : It is located to the left of the Mehrangarh Fort complex, a flawless elaborately sculptured marble memorial. It was built by Maharaja Sardar Singh in 1899 to remember his father Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. The Jaswant Thada is an architectural landmark.
With the dignified crematorium and three other cenotaphs close to it, the memorial has two more tombs within it. The attractive stone and jali work on the cenotaph is extremely thin and polished, showing the great work of sculptors. The outside surface of the monument glows when the sun rays fall on it.
Government Museum : This museum has a huge and massive collection of local crafts weapons, textiles, miniature portraits and images of Jain Tirthankars. It is located in the middle of the Umaid public gardens.
How to reach Jodhpur
By Air : You can take direct flights from the main cities in an around Rajasthan and the metropolitan cities in India. The well linked airport is situated 5 km from the city center, in the cantonment area. Major airlines are Air India, Jet Airways and Kingfisher.
By Rail : You can take a direct train from the major cities in India like Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Chennai, and Kolkata etc. Besides, “the Palace on Wheels” also visits the city. The Railway Station is situated on the station road and is in under the Northern Railway Network of India.
By Road : You can easily take a bus or hire a cab. The main highway between Jodhpur and Jaisalmer is via Agoli and Pokaran and is well linked with Agra, Ahmadabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Jaipur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur.