A 7 th century Chauhan stronghold, Ajmer is a pilgrimage centre for Muslims though people from all religious backgrounds come to pray at its dargah. The British developed Ajmer as an educational centre, and Mayo College, once an exclusive school for boys from royal families, is now among the country's best private schools.
Places to see
At the foot of a barren hill, is situated India?s most important pilgrimage center for people from all faiths. It is the splendid tomb of the Sufi saint Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti more popularly known as Khawaja Saheb or Khawaja Sharif.
Adhai-din ka Jhonpra
Adhai-Din-Ka-Jhonpra is a remarkable structure of Indo-Islamic architecture said to have been built in two and a half days flat. This mosque was a Sanskrit college in the 12th century but in 1193 AD Mohammad Ghori destroyed the college and built a mosque in its place. It is built on pillars and surprisingly no two pillars are alike. The distinct pillars-and arched "Screen" with its ruined minarets make it a splendid architectural masterpiece. The monument has seven arched walls with Islamic calligraphy, though most of it now remains in ruins.
Built by Anaji during 1135-1150 AD, this lake is located towards the north of Ajmer city. Later the Mughal Emperors made additional constructions to beautify the lake. The 'Baradari', Shah Jahan built a marble pavilion. This lovely lake built by King Anaji, the grandfather of Prithvi Raj Chauhan is at a picturesque site located to the north of Ajmer. Next to the lake are the Daulat Bagh Gardens, set up by emperor Jehangir. Shah Jahan added the Baradari (marble pavilion) to the lake. Shah Jahan built the marble pavilion now called the Baradari, while Emperor Jehangir laid the beautiful Daulat Bagh gardens, where people still go in plenty to walk and enjoy the greenery
Edward Memorial Hall
Other monuments, which stand as reminders of Ajmer’s colonial past are the Edward Memorial hall. Near the railway station is Edward Memorial Hall.
Ajmer The Rajputana Museum as it is significantly named, has in its galleries important exhibits from almost all the princely states. There is a library attached to his museum, which contains rare books and important historical publications.
Nasiyan (Jain Temple)
This red coloured Jain temple was built in the late 19th century. The wooden gilt in the double storeyed hall depicts scenes from the Jain mythology. The beauty of this temple is widely acclaimed.
The Dargah Sharif in Ajmer is the place where the Saint's mortal remains lie buried and is the site of the largest Muslim fair in India. More than five lakh devotees belonging to different communities gather from all parts of the subcontinent to pay homage to the Khwaja on his Urs (death anniversary) during the first six days of 'Rajab' (seventh month of the Islamic calendar.)
Ana Sagar Lake
This lake was built by Anaji during 1135-1150 AD. Later the Mughal Emperors made additional constructions to beautify the lake. The 'Baradari', a marble pavilion was built by Shah Jahan and the Daulat Bagh Gardens were laid by Jehangir. This lake is located towards the north of Ajmer city.
Shopping in Ajmer is rejuvenating experience. Ajmer is an abode to diverse antique items, to acquire them is definitely a passion of the shopper. It offers bewitching gold and silver jewelry in their unique designs, resplendent tie-and-dye textiles and embroidered jodhpuri 'Jutis' (shoes). Especially during the annual Urs fair, a range of resplendent items and amazing creations of conventional folk maestros are on sale.
How To Reach
By Air : The nearest airport is that of Jaipur.
By Rail : The city is well connected by trains with all the major places in India.
By Road : The state transport has its bus services from all over Rajasthan and also from Delhi. However, during the Urs, large number of people arriving in Ajmer, it is advisable to plan your trip in advance during this time.
Local Transport : City bus service operate in the city and to Pushkar. Unmetered taxis, auto- rickshaws, tongas, and cycle-rickshaws are also available for commutation.