Introduction of Pokaran
Pokaran (Pokhran) is a city and a municipality which is situated in Jaisalmer district in Rajasthan. Pokaran means “the place of five mirages”, it is enclosed by sandy, rocky and five salt ranges. It is on the way both from Bikaner to Jaisalmer and Jodhpur to Jaislamer. It is a remote location in the Thar Desert region and served as the test site for India's first underground nuclear weapon explosion. Pokaran has a temperate climate. Temperature is around 38.1º Celsius in summers and it is around 5.5º Celsius in winters. Common languages which are spoken here are Rajasthani, Marwari, English and Hindi.
History of Pokaran
Fort Pokaran stands amidst the Thar desert, it is a premier fort of the clan of Rathores of the state of Marwar-Jodhpur. Erstwhile noble title attached the prominent honour ‘Pradhan’ (The Premier Noble) to identify every Thakur of Pokaran as of the first honour in The Darbar (the court) of the state Marwar - Jodhpur. It definitely makes a perfect break and offers extended traditional hospitality which was once offered in the 16th century to Humayun who was the Mughal Emperor and later to his great grandson Akbar who was the son of the last Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
Tourist Attractions in Pokaran
Important tourist attractions in Pokaran is Fort Pokaran. Fort Pokaran is a 14th century citadel also known as “Balagarh” which stands as a model amidst the Thar Desert. The fort attracts tourists from all over to experience the history where each stone of the fort speaks out volumes of the past. Imperial gates of Pokaran fort were opened for the tourists which offer a feel of royalty. The building of the fort offers a view of the red sandstone Mahals, the grand towers, traditional Jharokas and walls which depicts Mughal and Rajput architecture. Guests are served with traditional cuisines by the family Chef in the Mangal Mahal which is a prominent hall inside the fort. There is a museum of the family collection inside the fort which has local artistry, miniature paintings, garments, armoury, and handicrafts.
Other attractions in Pokaran include the following:
Gurdwara Damdama Sahib: It is a historical Sikh Gurdwara in Pokaran. First Guru of Sikhs Guru Nanak Dev during his travels visit this Gurdwara.
Jain Temple: Pokharan is a pilgrimage spot in Jainism. A Jain temple which is devoted to the 23rd Tirthankara, Parshva, is located here.
Shrine of Ramdeoji: Ramdeoji is believed to be the embodiment of Lord Krishna. Ramdeora Fair is named after him, the fair takes place for 10 days in September. This fair is a very colourful occasion. People from all over come to visit this fair and offer their prayers.
Pokaran is home of hundreds of Great Indian Bustard, Houbara Bustard, Damsel Cranes, and the Imperial Sand Grouse which takes flight from Siberia to the desert for water, food and to sun bathe. It is a buzz to watch and photograph the the “Chinkara” (deer); Indian Gazelle. There is a Grand Library inside the fort which contains typical books which are devoted to the great Rao Bhadur Rajshree Thakur Chain Singhji Pokaran. He is the learned Rajput noble of those times and holds a prominent place in the book known as "Who’s Who Of India" 1946-47 edition.